Analysis of the Ability of Junior High School Students to Solve the Physics Problems in Various Forms of Problem Representations

I Wayan Gede Sutirta, Muslimin Muslimin, Marungkil Pasaribu


This research is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach, which aims to describe the ability of junior high school students to solve physics problems in various forms of problem representation. The subjects in this study were the IX grade junior high school students in six Palu city schools. Respondents for interviews in the study amounted to 4 people for each form of problem representation, with the criteria of students who answered right, students who answered ± 50% correct, students who answered incorrectly, and who did not answer. The instrument used was a test of problem solving skills and interviews. The data obtained were analyzed qualitatively including data reduction, presenting data and verification while descriptive analysis was performed by calculating the total score, calculating the percentage and categorizing problem solving abilities. The results obtained by the average ability of junior high school students to solve physics problems in various forms of problem representation 21.86% (less category), with the percentage of each form of representation ie verbal representation 36.09% (less category), image/picture representation 23.78% (less category), diagram representation 19.47% (poor category) and graphic representation 8.10% (poor category).


Solve physics problems; problem representation

Full Text:



Ana, S., Andreja, B., Maja, P., Marko, M., & Marijan, P. (2019). Role of diagrams in problem solving: An evaluation of eye-tracking. Physical Review Education Research, 15, 1-6.

Ana, S., Andreja, B., Petra, M., Maja, P., & Marijan, P. (2017). Graphical representations of data improve student understanding of measurement and uncertainty: An eye-tracking study. Physical Review Education Research, 13(2), 1-20.

Ana, S., Andreja, B., Elizabeta, K., Maja P., & Marijan P. (2018). Student understanding of graph slope and area under a graph: A comparison of physics and nonphysics students. Physical Review Education Research, 14, 1-15

Anton, S., Sunyoto, E., & Ian, Y. (2016). Analisis kesulitan siswa dalam menyelesaikan masalah fisika berbentuk grafik. Unnes Physics Education Journal, 5(3), 32-39.

Docktor, J. L., & Mastre, J. P. (2014). Synthesis of discipline-based education research in physics. Phisical Review Special Topics -Physics Education Research, 10, 1-58.

Haratua, T., & Judyanto, S. (2016). Representations based physics instruction to enhance students’ problem solving. American Journal of Educational Research, 4(1), 1-4.

Laras, W., Siswoyo, & Fauzi, B. (2015). Pendekatan multi representasi. Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, 1(1), 31-38.

Mehmet, A. K., & Ayesegul, S. A. (2014). Effectiveness of multiple representations for learning energy. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 627-632.

Nina, L., & Heru, K. (2018). Improving the competence of diagrammatic and argumentative representation in physics through android-based mobile learning application. International Journal of Instruction, 11(3), 106-122.

Polya, G., 1971. How to solve It (Second Edition). New Jersey: Princeton University Press

Rismatul, A., Lia, Y., & Eni, L. (2015). The physic problem solving difficulties on high school student. Jurnal Penelitian Fisika dan Aplikasinya, 5(2), 44-50.

Suci, A., Yusuf, H., & Cecil, H. (2017). Kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematika siswa pada pembelajaran matematika menggunakan strategi abduktif-deduktif di SMA Negeri 1 Indralaya Utara. Jurnal Elemen, 3(1), 25-34.

Suhandi, A., Wibowo, F. (2012). Pendekatan multi representasi dalam pembelajaran usaha-energi dan dampak terhadap pemahaman konsep mahasiswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 18, 1-7.

Sujarwanto, E., Hidayat, A., & Wartono. (2014). Kemampuan memecahkan masalah fisika pada modeling instruction pada siswa SMA Kelas XI. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 3(1), 65-78.

Wahyuddin. (2016). Analisis kemampuan menyelesaikan soal cerita matematika ditinjau dari kemampuan verbal. Jurnal Tadris Matematika, 9(2), 148-160.

Zhongzhou, C., Neset, D., Young Jeng, C., & David, E. (2017). To draw or not to draw? Examining the necessity of problem diagrams using massive open online course eksperiment. Physical Review Physics Education Research, 13, 1-12.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This journal has been covered by the following indexing and abstracting services:

Creative Commons License
J-LKF is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.