Synthesis and Characterization of TiO2 Semiconductor Doped by AgNO3 and Their Application as Photoanode in Dye-sensitized Solar Cells

Marjoni Imamora Ali Umar, Nanda Faizil, Akrajas Ali Umar, Siti Khatijah Md Saad

Abstract


The use of Titanium dioxide (TiO2) semiconductors in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC) devices have been extensively studied and synthesized with various techniques to obtain optimal performance. The TiO2 semiconductors with optimal performance are influenced by the growth method, the time of growth, the shape of the microstructure, and the optical properties. In this study, it was reported about the effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNO3) doping onto TiO2 semiconductors on their microstructure, reflectance, and efficiency of the DSSC device. The synthesis of TiO2 was carried out using liquid phase deposition (LPD) and immersed into an AgNO3 solution with a variation of time namely 0.5 h, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, and 6 h. The entire TiO2 + AgNO3 sample, then used as a photoanode on DSSC with plastisol as a counter electrode. Characterization of microstructure, reflectance, and DSSC performance was carried out by using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Uv-Vis Spectrophotometer, and Gamry Instrument, respectively. The FESEM results show that AgNO3 has successfully grown on the ITO substrate in a spherical shape with an average particle diameter ranging from 1.52-2.29 μm. From observations using the Uv-Vis Spectrophotometer, obtained the energy band gap values ranged from 0.22 to 2.27 eV. The best results of DSSC device efficiency, with TiO2+AgNO3/Dye/Plastisol structure, have resulted in the Voc of 0.694 V, current density (Jsc) of 0,943 mA/cm2and fill factor (FF) of 43,50% which is obtained at sample 1.

Keywords


Growth time; nanoparticles silver; reflectance; efficiency

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anita, A., Boisandi, B., Nurussaniah, N., Cari, C., & Suharyana, R. (2013). Karakteristik Klorofil Pada Daun Kacang Panjang (Vigna Sinensis) sebagai Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Paper presented at the lpf2013.

Asahi, R., Morikawa, T., Ohwaki, T., Aoki, K., & Taga, Y. (2001). Visible-light photocatalysis in nitrogen-doped titanium oxides. Science, 293(5528), 269-271.

Cheng, C.-K., Lin, C.-H., Wu, H.-C., Ma, C.-C. M., Yeh, T.-K., Chou, H.-Y., . . . Hsieh, C.-K. (2016). The two-dimensional nanocomposite of molybdenum disulfide and nitrogen-doped graphene oxide for efficient counter electrode of dye-sensitized solar cells. Nanoscale research letters, 11(1), 117.

Distyawan, A., & Susanti, D. (2013). Pengaruh Temperatur, Massa Zink, Substrat Dan Waktu Tahan Terhadap Struktur Dan Morfologi Zno Hasil Sintesis Dengan Metode Chemical Vapour Transport (CVT). Jurnal Teknik ITS, 2(2), F336-F341.

Ekasari, V., & Yudoyono, G. (2013). Fabrikasi DSSC dengan dye ekstrak jahe merah (Zingiber officinale linn var. rubrum) variasi larutan TiO2 nanopartikel berfase anatase dengan teknik pelapisan spin coating. Jurnal Sains dan Seni ITS, 2(1), B15-B20.

Fatimah, S., & Haris, A. (2014). Pengaruh Dopan Zink Oksida pada TiO2 terhadap Penurunan Kadar Limbah Fenol dan Cr (VI) secara Simultan dengan Metode Fotokatalisis. Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi, 17(3), 86-89.

Grätzel, M. (2003). Dye-sensitized solar cells. Journal of photochemistry and photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews, 4(2), 145-153.

Irmansyah, I., Maddu, A., & Zuhri, M. (2008). Fabrication and Characterization Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell based on TiO2/SnO2 Composit Electrode and Polymer Electrolite. Jurnal ILMU DASAR, 9(2), 96-103.

Kao, C.-C., Kuo, H.-C., Yeh, K., Chu, J., Peng, W., Huang, H., . . . Wang, S. (2007). Light–output enhancement of nano-roughened GaN laser lift-off light-emitting diodes formed by ICP dry etching. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 19(11), 849-851.

Karim, S., Pardoyo, P., & Subagio, A. (2016). Sintesis dan Karakterisasi TiO2 Terdoping Nitrogen (N-Doped TiO2) dengan Metode Sol–Gel. Jurnal Kimia Sains Dan Aplikasi, 19(2), 63-67.

Masakke, Y., & Rasyid, M. (2015). Biosintesis Partikel-nano Perak Menggunakan Ekstrak Metanol Daun Manggis (Garcinia mangostana L.). Sainsmat: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, 4(1).

Mo, S.-D., & Ching, W. (1995). Electronic and optical properties of three phases of titanium dioxide: Rutile, anatase, and brookite. Physical Review B, 51(19), 13023.

Nadaek, S. M., & Susanti, D. (2012). Variasi temperatur dan waktu tahan kalsinasi terhadap unjuk kerja semikonduktor TiO2 sebagai dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) dengan dye dari ekstrak buah naga merah. Jurnal Teknik ITS, 1(1), F81-F86.

Septina, W. (2007). Sintesa Nanokristal Mesopori TiO2 dengan Metoda Sol-Gel: Bandung: Institut Teknologi Bandung.

Šileikaitė, A., Prosyčevas, I., Puišo, J., Juraitis, A., & Guobienė, A. (2006). Analysis of silver nanoparticles produced by chemical reduction of silver salt solution. Mater. Sci, 12(4), 1392-1320.

Umar, A. A., Saad, S. K. M., Umar, M. I. A., Abd Rahman, M. Y., & Oyama, M. (2018). Advances in porous and high-energy (001)-faceted anatase TiO2 nanostructures. Optical Materials, 75, 390-430.

Umar, M. I. A. (2019). Graphene-Au Film Synthesized from GrO in Au-Aquaeus Solution as Counter Electrode For DSSC Application. Lensa: Jurnal Kependidikan Fisika, 7(2), 24-30.

Umar, M. I. A., Yap, C. C., Awang, R., & Salleh, M. M. (2017). Effect of thermal reduction temperature on the optical and electrical properties of multilayer graphene. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 28(1), 1038-1041.

Zamrani, R., & Gontjang, P. (2013). Pembuatan Dan Karakterisasi Prototipe Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) Menggunakan Ekstraksi Kulit Buah Manggis Sebagai Dye Sensitizer Dengan Metode Doctor Blade. Jurnal Sains Dan Seni Pomits, 1(2).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33394/j-lkf.v8i1.2728

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This journal has been covered by the following indexing and abstracting services:


Creative Commons License
J-LKF is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.