PENGEMBANGAN INSTRUMEN PENILAIAN KINERJA UNTUK MENGUKUR KOMPETENSI LABORATORIUM MAHASISWA DALAM KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM FISIOLOGI TUMBUHAN

Septiana Dwi Utami, Ika Nurani Dewi, Ismail Efendi

Abstract


This study aims to: 1) determine the appropriateness of practicum performance appraisal instruments; and 2) find out whether there are differences in competency of laboratory skills among students. The instrument development procedure refers to the 4-D model with a research trial design using one shoot case study. Before the performance appraisal instrument was applied to 77 semester IV students Department of Biology Education, FSTT, Mandalika University of Education, a validation test was first conducted by an expert. Data collection techniques using validation, testing, and observation. The instruments used in this study were instrument validation sheets, observation sheets of action laboratory skills and tests of thinking laboratory skills. Data analysis using the one way ANOVA test continued with the LSD test. The results showed that: 1) the feasibility of performance evaluation instruments developed in the valid and reliable categories; and 2) there were significant differences in laboratory skills in the three groups at ɑ = 5% in the sufficient category. The conclusion of this research is the performance assessment instrument developed can be used to train student laboratory skills. The implications of this research are expected to contribute to improving the quality of practicum assessment instruments in learning in the laboratory.

Keywords


Performance Appraisal, Practicum, Laboratory Skills.

Full Text:

Full Paper

References


Agustina, P., & Saputra, A. (2016). Analisis Keterampilan Proses Sains Dasar Mahasiswa Calon Guru Biologi pada Mata Kuliah Anatomi Tumbuhan (Studi Kasus Mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UMS Tahun Ajaran 2015/2016). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Sains. (pp. 71-78). Surakarta, Indonesia: Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Anwar, Y. A. S., Idrus, S. W., & Siahaan, J. (2019). Implementasi Metode Presentasi pada Tahap Pra Laboratorium terhadap Kemampuan Menulis dan Sikap terhadap Kimia. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan IPA, 5(2), 216-228.

Arikunto, S. (2013). Dasar-dasar Evaluasi Pendidikan : Edisi 2. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Baeti, S. N., Binadja, A., & Susilaningsih, E. (2014). Pembelajaran Berbasis Praktikum Bervisi SETS untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Laboratorium dan Penguasaan Kompetensi. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia, 8(1), 1260-1270.

Bashooir, K., & Supahar. (2018). Validitas dan Reliabilitas Instrumen Asesmen Kinerja Literasi Sains Pelajaran Fisika Berbasis Stem. Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan, 22(2), 219-230.

Firdaus, T., & Sinensis, A. R. (2017). Keterampilan Dasar Kinerja Ilmiah pada Mahasiswa Calon Guru Fisika. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika, 5(2), 102-110.

Hidayah, M. (2017). Pengembangan Instrumen Penilaian Psikomotor pada Outdoor Praktikum Biologi SMA. Didaktika Biologi, 1(2), 143-148.

Holmes & Wieman. (2016). Examining and Contrasting the Cognitive Activities Engaged in Undergraduate Research Experiences and Lab Courses. Physical Review Physics Education Research, 12(2), 1-11.

Izza, L. N., Susilaningsih, E., & Harjito. (2014). Analisis Instrumen Performance Assesment dengan Metode Generalizability Coefficient pada Keterampilan Dasar Laboratorium. Chemistry in Education, 3(1), 29-36.

Khotimah, K., Susilaningsih, E., & Nurhayati, S. (2017). Pengembangan Instrumen Performance Assesment Berbasis Pembelajaran Konstektual untuk Mengukur Keterampilan Laboratorium Siswa. Chemistry in Education, 6(2), 63-69.

Khumaedi, M. (2012). Reliabilitas Instrumen Penelitian Pendidikan. JPPTM (Jurnal Pendidikan Teknik Mesin), 12(1), 25-30.

Maknun, D. (2015). Evaluasi Keterampilan Laboratorium Mahasiswa Menggunakan Asesmen Kegiatan Laboratorium Berbasis Kompetensi pada Pelaksanaan Praktek Pengalaman Lapangan (PPL). Jurnal Tarbiyah, 22(1), 21-47.

Pertiwi, F. E. (2016). Pengembangan Asesmen Kinerja untuk Penilaian Mahasiswa pada Praktikum Fisika Dasar II Program Studi Pendidikan Fisika Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar. Jurnal Pendidian Fisika, 4(3), 291-297.

Pujani, N. M. (2013). Pengembangan Keterampilan Laboratorium Astronomi Berbasis Kemampuan Generik Sains bagi Calon Guru Fisika. Jurnal Pengajaran Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, 18(2), 230-239.

Pujiastutik, H. (2018). Analisis Keterampilan Dasar Mahasiswa Calon Guru Biologi Mata Kuliah Pengenalan Laboratorium Biologi UNIROW Tuban. Proceeding Biology Education Conference (pp. 565-571). Surakarta, Indonesia: Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Rahmadani, S., Jamaluddin, & Zulkifli, L. (2015). Pengembangan Petunjuk Praktikum Biologi dan Instrumen Penilaian Kinerja Praktikum Berbasis Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif dan Efektivitasnya terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMA/MA kelas XI. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 1(2), 1-12.

Saravanan, C., & Wilks, R. (2014). Medical Students’ Experience of and Reaction to Stress: the Role of Depression and Anxiety. The Scientific World Journal, 2014, 1-8.

Sitompul, F. A. (2017). Pengembangan Rubrik Penilaian Kinerja (Performance Assesment) untuk Mengukur Kompetensi Mahasiswa Melakukan Praktikum Ekologi Tumbuhan. Jurnal Pelita Pendidikan, 5(3), 282-289.

Tim Penyusun. (2019). Buku Pedoman Pelaksanaan Praktikum Biologi. Mataram: Universitas Pendidikan Mandalika.

Visser, T., Maaswinkel, T., Coenders, F., & McKenney, S. (2018). Writing Prompts Helm Improve Expression of Conceptual Understanding in Chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education, 95(8), 1331-1335.

Wusqo, I. U., Taufiq, M., & Handayani, R. (2015). The Development of Alternative Assesment on General Chemistry Practicum Through Conservation-Based Chemistry Fair Project (CFP) Using Daily Chemical. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 4(2), 135-141.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33394/bjib.v8i1.2680

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
Bioscientist is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.