Konseling Indigenous Pesantren (Gaya Kepimpinan Kyai dalam Mendidik Santri)

Ujang Khiyarusoleh

Abstract


This study aims to find the surrounding indigenous pesantren through the kyai leadership style in educating students. The method used is a systematic review through review articles using inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Article searches were accessed from internet searches in the database, namely: proquest.com, Scincedirect and google scholar with the keywords leadership style, Kyai leadership, and santri education. Data analysis was done by collecting articles that met the inclusion criteria collected and examined systematically. Search for literature published from 2015 to 2020. The results of the study showed that the kyai's leadership style in educating students was a leader who had unique characteristics and became an example for his students and had a duty to carry out the task of developing this nation and country. The figure of a kyai who was sincere, simple and tenacious in educating and disciplined in carrying out his duties, this was all reflected in the characteristics of a teacher in Islam, namely, as Murabbi, Muallim, Muaddib and Mudaris. Therefore, the kyai is an exemplary and charismatic figure who is able to influence both within the pesantren and outside the pesantren or in society, so that the students will be similar to the leader of the pesantren, namely the kyai when they have graduated.

Keywords


Leadership Style, Boarding School Leadership, Students.

References


Alhamuddin. (2005). Pendidikan Islam Modern ala Trimurti Pondok Modern Darussalam Gontor. At-Ta’dib.

A’la, A. (2006). Pembaharuan Pesantren. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pesantren

Ana Maulida Sabila dkk. (2020). Education Thought Imam Zarkasyi and Relevance to the Development of Islamic Education in Indonesia. ISTAWA: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam (IJPI). Vol. 5 No. 1

Bourda, F. M. (2016). Change Management Theories and Methodologies. Bombay- India: TATA Consultancy Service. Retrievedfrom http://feeds2.feedburner.com/cswhitepapers

Blair, D., & Lunenburg, F. C. (2002). Transformational leadership, school ratings, and principals’ time spent on instructional leadership and management tasks. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration

Bruinessen, M. V. (2005). Kitab Kuning: Pesantren dan Tarekat Tradisi-tradisi Islam di Indonesia. Bandung: Mizan Press.

Darmawan. (2008). Teori motivasi. Surabaya: Metromedia Printing.

Gunawan, I., and Palupi, A. R. (2012). Taksonomi Bloom-Revisi Ranah Kognitif: Kerangka Landasan untuk Pembelajaran, Pengajaran, dan Penilaian. Premiere Educandum: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar dan Pembelajaran, 2(2), 98-117.

Gunawan, I. (2017). Instructional Management in Indonesia: A Case Study. Journal of Arts, Science & Commerce, 8(1), 99-107.

Gunawan, I., and Sulistyoningrum, R. T. (2013). Menggali Nilai-nilai Keunggulan Lokal Kesenian Reog Ponorogo Guna Mengembangkan Materi Keragaman Suku Bangsa dan Budaya pada Matapelajaran IPS Kelas IV Sekolah Dasar. Premiere Educandum: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar dan Pembelajaran, 3(1), 50-87.

Gunawan, I. (2016). Perspectives of Pancasila: Leadership Education’s Values and Ethics. Proceeding International Conferences on Education and Training, 2nd ICET Theme: Improving the Quality of Education and Training Through Strengthening Networking, Faculty of Education State University of Malang, Published by Atlantis Press, p. 435-438.

H.A. Rodli Makmun, (2014 ). Pembentukan Karakter Berbasis Pendidikan Pesantren: Studi Di Pondok Pesantren Tradisional Dan Modern Di Kabupaten Ponorogo”, Cendikia, Jurnal Stain Ponorogo, Vol. 12 No. 2

Iva Yulianti Umdatul Izzah, (2011) “Perubahan Pola Hubungan Kiai Dan Santri Pada Masyarakat Muslim Tradisional Pedesaan”, Jurnal Sosiologi Islam, Vol. 1, No.2, Oktober ISSN: 2089-0192 Iqbal, A. M. (2015). Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Ismail Suardi Wekke. dkk. (2018). Leadership Typology of Traditional Islamic Boarding School in Eastern Indonesia: Learning to Lead from DDI Mangkoso. Inferensi, Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan. Vol. 12, No.2

Lasiati, L. (2016). Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar Peserta Didik dengan Menerapkan Model Reading Guide Berbasis PAIKEM. Jurnal Kependidikan: Jurnal Hasil Penelitian dan Kajian Kepustakaan di Bidang Pendidikan, Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran, 2(1). doi:https://doi.org/10.33394/jk.v2i1.431

Masrur, Mohammad, (2017). Figur Kyai dan Pendidikan Karakter di Pondok Pesantren. Tarbawiyah: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan : Volume 01; Nomor 02

Munevver Olcum Cetin dan F. Sehkar Fayda Kinik. 2015. An analysis of academic leadership behavior from the perspective of transformational leadership. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 207.

Nata, A. (2003). Pemikiran Para Tokoh Pendidikan Islam Seri Kajian Filsafat Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada

Passenheim, O. (2010). Change Management. VentusPublishingApS

Reza Khany dan Marzieh Ghoreishi. 2014. One the Relationship between Teachers’ Sense of Responsibility and Transformational Leadership Style. Jurnal Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 136.

Riyanto. (2011). “The effect of organizational culture, leadership and motivation on work performance”. Jurnal Il¬miah Education Management. 1(2): 148-181.

Saefullah. (2014). Manajemen Pendidikan Is¬lam. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Sukowati Praptining et all, 2019. Kiai Leadership Model in the Development Strategy of the Participants, International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE) ISSN: 2277-3878, Volume-8 Issue-2S, Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences

Wahjoetomo, (1997), Perguruan Tinggi Pesantren, Pendidikan Alternatif Masa Depan, (Jakarta: Gema Insani Press

Wibowo. (2006). Manajemen Perubahan. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.Suhendar dkk, (2017) Analisis Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Kyai, Budaya Pesantren, Dan Motivasi Kerja Guru Terhadap Keberadaan mutu pendidikan yang berada di Provinsi Banten. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Vol. 34 Nomor 2

Wahab, A., and Umiarso. 2011. Kepemimpinan Pendidikan dan Kecerdasan Spiritual. Jogjakarta: Ar- Ruzz Media.

Zainuddin, M., and Mustaqim, A. (2008). Studi Kepemimpinan Islam (Telaah Normatif dan Historis). Semarang: Putra Mediatama Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33394/jk.v6i3.2779

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Ujang Khiyarusoleh

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Kependidikan : Jurnal Hasil Penelitian dan Kajian Kepustakaan di Bidang Pendidikan, Pengajaran, dan Pembelajaran

E-ISSN: 2442-7667

Published by LPPM Universitas Pendidikan Mandalika

Email: jlppm@ikipmataram.ac.id

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.